Overview Vitamins

A-Z of Vitamins (Continued)

age-well.org > Vitamins and Minerals – Introduction > A - Z Vitamins – Fat Soluble Vitamins

berries such as the maqui-berry and also strawberries are rich in anti-aging oxidents and other vitamins

All About Vitamins

This Overview Vitamins intends to give you all the information you wanted to know about vitamins, but didn't dare ask:

What is the role of each vitamin?? What can cause deficiencies? What is the recommended intake?

This overview vitamins and their properties, intends to answer some of these questions.

With the exception of vitamin D, vitamins can not be synthesized by the body and must be present in food. Inadequate intake of vitamins can cause long-term biological problems which can vary in severity. However, in the industrialized countries, deficiencies are very rare. We can usually cover all our needs for vitamins through the food we eat.

Water Soluble Vitamins

On Previous Page of Overview Vitamins

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxinee)
Vitamin B-9 (Folic Acid)
Vitamin B12 (Colalamin)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Panthothenic Acid

Fat Soluble Vitamins

On This Page of Overview Vitamins

Vitamin A (Retinol)
Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol)
Vitamin E ((Tocopherol)
Vitamin K (Phylloquinone)

Fat Soluble Vitamins

Vitamin A (Retinol)

Food sources: Vitamin A is found mainly in animal products such as milk, butter, egg yolk and especially the liver (as this is where fat-soluble vitamins are stored). However, vegetables containing provitamin beta-carotene are also a good source of Vitamin A. This substance can be transformed into Vitamin A by the body and is found in dark green leafy vegetables, deep orange fruits, broccoli, and carrots.

Functions: Vitamin A is known for benefiting our eyesight. It counteracts night-blindness and weak sight by allowing the retina to adapt to darkness. Vitamin A is also essential for good health of the epithelial tissues, bone and tooth growth. It is needed for the growth and repair or body tissues. Vitamin A also play a role in supporting the immune system as it helps protect the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, throat & lungs, thereby reducing susceptibility to infections; helps maintain smooth, soft disease-free skin; protects against air pollutants; Vitamin A is also involved in the synthesis of certain hormones such as progesterone.

Deficiency: May result in increased susceptibility to infections, night blindness; rough, dry, scaly skin; loss of smell & appetite; frequent fatigue; lack of tears; defective teeth & gums; retarded growth and keratinisation of the epithelial tissues in the nasal and respiratory passages.

Overdose Can result in joint pain, cracked lips, dry and itchy skin, nausea and vomiting, weight loss

Suggested Daily Intake: 900 RE (retinol equivalents)

In-depth Information - Vitamin A

Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol)

Food sources: Vitamin D is commonly found in fish liver oil, fatty fish, enriched milk and eggs. Provitamin D can also be converted into vitamin D when the skin is exposed to sunlight. It is the only vitamin that can be produced by the human body.

Functions: It increases calcium and phosphorus absorption, which promotes bone and teeth formation and normal growth.

Deficiency: Can lead to rickets, osteomalacia and bone reabsorption.

Overdose excessive calcium intake, calcification, urinary stones, some nerve symptoms and certain muscle symptoms.

Suggested Daily Intake: 10 ug (as cholecalciferol)

All You Need To Know About Vitamin D - But never dared ask

Vitamin D - Deficiency and Overdose

Vitamin E (Tocopherol)

Food sources: wheat germ, cottonseed, palm and rice oils, grain, liver and lettuce, pure vegetable oils, whole meal bread and cereals, egg yolk, nuts and sunflower seeds.

Functions: maintains good oxygen levels in membranes and DNA, helps red blood cell formation, normal growth and contributes to good immunity. It can also protect tissues from damage, and can act as an antioxidant, reducing the risk of cancer and heart disease.

Deficiency: can lead to hemolysis of red blood cells (bursting of the cells) and possibly muscular dystrophy.

Overdose this is considered to be an intake exceeding 400 mg in one day. However, there has been no proof that this is dangerous.

Suggested Daily Intake: 15 mg

Vitamin K (Phylloquinone)

Food sources: alfalfa, liver, spinach, vegetable oils, intestinal bacteria, many green vegetables (e.g. spinach, cabbage), vegetables such as cauliflower and soybeans. Some fruits such as kiwi and avocadoes also contain Vitamin K.

Functions: helps synthesis blood clotting

Deficiency: excessive bleeding (due to delayed clotting and lack of clotting factors). This can be seen by bruises (internal bleeding) and nosebleeds.

Overdose When in excess, Vitamin K can interfere with anti-clotting medications such as Warfarin (Coumadin)

Suggested Daily Intake: 120 ug

End of Overview Vitamins

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